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Capoliveri

Capoliveri is on a hill covered in agaves and prickly pears near Mount Calamita, its long history is found in the intense azure blue sea and the simplicity of its beauty.

Set in a strategic position on a terraced hill, the town of Capoliveri started life as a highland fortress, dominating the Mola and Stella gulfs. Historically Capoliveri is one the richest places on Elba, it was an Etruscan settlement: many finds have been made in the necropolis of Profico not far from the historic centre.  Once called Caput Liberum, then surrounded by walls, it was the islands oldest fortified city: for about four centuries it was the Marine Republic of Pisa’s centre for fiscal and political control. During the first half of the 17th century Capoliveri was attacked several times by pirates who destroyed the walls right down to the foundations and further, at the beginning of the 18th century it was the theatre of a cruel battle between the French and Spanish armies. During the revolutionary period Elba became French and it was then chosen by Napoleon for his exile. With regard to this, the people of Capoliveri love to tell the story about Napoleon's intention to destroy the town because he was irritated by the lack of tribute paid by the inhabitants to himself, and how he changed his mind thanks to the beauty of Amelia Vantini, a young woman of Capoliveri.The efficiency of the Lorraine administration meant the rebirth of Capoliveri, this was thanks to the production of good quality wine (Aeatico, Muscat, Sangiovese) and thanks to the production of iron ore at Calamita point and in the Ginepro bay. Half way through the 19th century the miners started the first struggles for better pay: this was an important contribution to the birth of a union conscience. In 1907 it became an autonomous town. You can get to the now abandoned mines at Calamita point along a panoramic road, high above the sea. Another interesting scenic excursion is to Innamorata bay to the south of the town. To the south-west is the 16th century Madonna delle Grazie Sanctury where we can see a small painting of the Madonna del Silenzio by Marcello Venusti.Behind Lacona bay is the small Madonna della Neve Church founded by some disciples of Saint Giovanni Gualberto. Saint Michele church is in Romanesque-Pisan style and it is set in a position where we can see Mola plain and Porto Azzurro gulf. Destroyed by Barbarossa’s troops in the first half of the 16th century, the church was never completely reconstructed, but was used as a cemetery. A storm forced Pope Gregory XI, who was returning from Avignon, to stop on Elba and he celebrated mass here.

The borough is collected around the square and Via Roma, a road in the highest part rich in local  and  shops. From here lots of lanes, small squares and alleys with underpasses, arches and stairs. Also worth a visit is the Alfeo Ricci Collection with minerals of a unique beauty and rarity that come from various parts of the island. Finally another legend is worth a mention, the Innamorata festival which is held on 14th July. A historic procession every year reminds us of the tragic love story of Maria and Lorenzo two young people of Capoliveri.

 
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AGENZIA ILVA VIAGGI
(Autorizzazione Provincia Livorno n. 129 del 15-12-1997)
di Consorzio Servizi Albergatori
(CCIAA di Livorno REA 56478 – Albo Soc. Coop.ve n. A123701)
Calata Italia 26 - 57037 Portoferraio (LI)
Tel 0565.915555 - Fax 0565.930342
Cod. Fisc. e P.IVA 00324500495

federalberghi isola d'elbaThe Elba Hoteliers Association was founded in 1953 and represents 85% of the hotels on the Island of Elba and it is affiliated to the national “Federalberghi” Association.

The “Consorzio Servizi Albergatori” (Hotel Services Cooperative), owns Ilva Travel Agency, which is a cooperative society, founded in 1979, by the Island of Elba Hoteliers Association. About 180 tourist companies are members of it: hotels, tourist residences, residences, holiday apartments and homes, bed and breakfasts, restaurants. It offers about 12,000 bed places.

 
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